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A burn injury is when damage is afflicted upon the body’s tissues from heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight, radiation, hot liquids, steam, building fires, flammable liquids, or gases. As skin is the largest organ of the human body, it is one of the body’s greatest defenses versus damage and contamination. Dehydration, difficulty breathing, potentially deadly infections, lifelong scarring, and debility are all possible ailments after suffering a burn injury. A burn assessment examines the severity of the burn, or degree, as well as how widespread the burn injury is relative to the victim’s entire body. A medical professional grades a burn injury by calculating a percentage of the total body surface area (TBSA) damaged. The percentage of the TBSA injured is used alongside the strategy referred to as the “rule of nines,” where the body is separated into regions of 9% or 18%. The two head and neck account for 9% as well as each arm. Each leg, the anterior trunk, or front of the body, and posterior trunk, or back of the body, are each given 18%. The rule of nines cannot be used to assess a child’s burn injury as a child’s body is not comparable to an adults. A medical professional normally uses the Lund-Bower chart to assess a child victim’s medium to large burn injury.

Degrees of Burns

The categories of burns are established on the complexity of the injury, referred to as the degree of burns. There are three main categories.

First-degree burns

This is the least critical burn category. A first-degree burn only disturbs the external layer of skin, referred to as the epidermis. First-degree burns have the ability to inflict discomfort and redness, but no sores or open lesions. The most common type of first-degree burn is a sunburn. First-degree burns take approximately one week to heal. At-home remedies such as soaking the afflicted skin in cool water and covering it with a sterilized bandage produce positive healing results. Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) can relieve minor burn discomfort.

Second-degree burns

Second-degree burns are referred to as partial thickness burns as well. These burns are more critical than first-degree burns. Second-degree burns disturb the exterior and the middle layer of the skin, referred to as the epidermis and the dermis. Second-degree burn injuries can cause discomfort, redness, and lesions. Minor second-degree burns can be healed with antibiotic topical creams and disinfected wraps. More critical second-degree burns may require an operation referred to as a skin graft. A skin graft uses either biological or synthetic skin to cover and protect the injured location of the body while it repairs. Second-degree burns can leave behind significant scarring.

Third-degree burns

Third-degree burns are also referred to as full thickness burns. This is an extremely critical category of burn. It impairs the exterior, middle, and interior layers of the skin. The interior layer is also referred to as the fat layer. Third-degree burns regularly damage hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and other tissues of the skin. These burns can be incredibly agonizing. If nerve cells have been impaired, a burn victim may be unable to feel the extreme injury they sustained initially. Third-degree burns can leave behind intense, lifelong scarring and typically require skin grafts to recover.

Free Burn Injury Legal Consultation

The attorney you choose does make a difference; don’t get hurt twice. Our expert legal team has proven to be dedicated, compassionate, and most importantly, effective fighters for our clients. We have handled thousands of personal injury cases and recovered millions of dollars for our clients. We are with you every step of the way. We handle all personal injury cases on a contingency fee basis, and we never charge a fee unless we win. Hollingsworth Law Firm is located at 1415 North Loop West, Suite 200, Houston, Texas 77008. You can call us at 713.637.4560 or fax at 713.474.9017. Our office is open Monday through Friday from seven in the morning until seven at night, closed on Saturday and Sunday. You can always send us a message on our website.

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